Saltwater fish guide

picture_of_saltwater_fish_tank

People passionate about fish will wonder if saltwater fish are the best choice for them. Many people believe that keeping saltwater fish is very difficult. Not quite so.

A saltwater aquarium is not difficult to maintain, it simply has different requirements. The main difference between saltwater and freshwater aquariums is the water salinity.

Having a saltwater aquarium is very fascinating and you will no longer have to visit the ocean to see these incredible creatures. You will have the explosion in front of your eyes due to the diversity of the saltwater fish; you can even home your very own Nemo.

How to run a successful saltwater aquarium

For a saltwater aquarium to thrive it must contain the following components: a tank, decorations, filtration, lighting, saltwater and test kits.

Saltwater fish are more sensitive to water quality than freshwater fish. The water must be well filtered and oxygenated. The aquarium’s biotope (habitat) must be carefully put together in order to avoid losing the fish.

To have a successful saltwater aquarium you have to follow the simple rules. These rules relate to the water’s pH value its salinity, nitrate and temperature.

Saltwater fish are very sensitive to changes in their pH. So it is very important to check pH fluctuation every day, within 0.2 limits.

The other rule is to keep nitrate level higher than usual, as saltwater fish need higher nitrates than freshwater fish. The water’s salinity must be kept in normal parameters, so that fish can acclimatize. Finally, the temperature of saltwater should be between 24 C° - 27 C°. Not to cold and not to warm.

Saltwater Fish Instruments

The tank should be between 15 -21gal, the bigger the tank, the better. A smaller fish-tank is harder to keep and maintain because the ecosystem is very fragile. The aquarium must have a neon tube for lighting it. The bigger the tank, the bigger the light. Fluorescent lighting is probably the best. It is also very important to have a good filtration system. The filter absorbs dirt and keeps the water clean. In saltwater aquariums filtration must be done much more carefully than in freshwater aquariums.

Other must tools are a heater with a thermostatic control, a hydrometer to measure the specific gravity of your saltwater and various test kits to measure the PH values, nitrate and ammonia levels.

Decorations for the Salwater Fish

The most beautiful part in putting together a saltwater aquarium is decorating it. On the bottom of the tank you must place the substrate. It is very important to use specific substrate for saltwater. You could use calcareous sand or crushed coral; also you must have in mind that the substrate is a supplement in tank weight.

Decorating the tank gives you the opportunity to bring your personal touch, but do not exaggerate! If you are ready to spend some money for your hobby, you can decorate the tank with some coral pieces but you can use also dead coral, lava rock, live rock, tufa rock.

Using live rock in decorating the saltwater fish tank is a real benefit. Live rock produces a more natural environment for the saltwater fish, and also aids in nitrification and denitrification, so it is a part of the filtration system. Live rock is actually rock taken from a reef system which has been populated by many different organisms.

Fish also love to swim through coral or rock caves, so it would be a good idea to recreate some caves or crannies. You should also make sure that every decoration is stable, in order to avoid fish getting hurt.

How to set up your saltwater fish tank

picture_of_saltwater_fish_tankThe most beautiful part of putting together a saltwater aquarium is decorating it. On the bottom of the tank you should place the substrate. It is very important to use specific substrate for saltwater.

You could use calcareous sand or crushed coral; also you must bear in mind that the substrate is a supplement in tank weight.

Decorating the tank gives you the opportunity to add your personal touches, but don’t get carried away. If you are able to spend money on your hobby, you can decorate the tank with coral either live or dead, lava rock, live rock and tufa rock.

Using live rock to decorate the saltwater fish tank gives real benefit to the tank as it produces a more natural environment for the saltwater fish, and also aids in nitrification and denitrification, as part of the filtration system. Live rock is actually rock taken from a reef system which has been populated by many different organisms.

Fish love to swim through coral or rock caves, so it would be a good idea to recreate some caves or crannies. You should also make sure that every decoration is stable, to avoid any fish getting injured.

What kind of saltwater fish should you buy

As you are probably aware, saltwater fish are more expensive than freshwater fish, so it is very important to know what kind of fish you want in your aquarium. You should also take into consideration when selecting the fish whether they get along.

Saltwater fish for your aquarium 

Clown fish - territorial, but not aggressive. It is known also as Nemo.
Mollies - passive fish.
Surgeons fish - very important for the tank maintenance as they clean water of algae.
Blennies/Gobies - quite likely to disturb the other fish in the tank, but they show a lot of personality.
Angels and butterflies - delicate fish, hard to keep.
Lionfish - aggressive species, hard to keep.
Damsels - inexpensive, are resistant to bad water condition but fairly aggressive.

You can also populate your tank with saltwater invertebrates like shrimps, crabs, sea urchins and Starfish also with Anemones but these are not for beginners. Invertebrates are very sensitive to water quality and conditions. They might have stress symptoms if the water quality is poor.



Home
◦  Aquarium Filter
◦  Aquarium Pump
◦  Eheim
◦  Aquarium Heater
◦  Cleaning
Aquarium Accessories
◦  Aquarium Stands
◦  Aquarium Background
◦  Aquarium Lighting
◦  Aquarium Ornaments
◦  Aquarium Rock
◦  Aquarium Gravel
Aquarium Fish
◦  Koi Fish
◦  Tetra Fish
◦  Parrot Fish
◦  Betta Fish
◦  Oscar Fish
◦  Piranha Fish
◦  Gold Fish
Gift ideas
◦  BiOrb and BiUbe
◦  Juwel Aquarium
Ponds